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Mitigating Impacts of Climate Change

© WWF Armenia

Climate changes that have become evident all over the globe are intensively discussed nowadays. Human activity over more than half a century resulted in the drastic increase of amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which has had significant effect on climate changes.

During the last 130 years, temperature over the world has risen by about 0.85 degree, and the process of global warming has accelerated considerably over the last 25 years. The sea level is rising, glaciers are melting and the character of precipitation is changing. Natural disasters have become more intense and frequent. Effects of extreme weather - warm winters, hot summers days, floods and other - have become more pronounced.

It goes without saying that Armenia could not remain untouched by these global environmental processes; climate changes are well noticeable in our country as well. In the recent years, temperature increase by about 1.3 degrees has been recorded; desertification areas have expanded, river flows have reduced, and the number of forest fires has been unprecedented and causing great damage to the biodiversity of Armenia.

© WWF Armenia

What are the steps taken to mitigate climate changes?

In cooperation with local authorities, WWF Armenia works to prevent adverse effects caused by climate changes, fights against illegal forest felling, and implements forest resilience improvement projects.   

Reduction of forest areas in turn has great impact on climate changes. To mitigate the problem, WWF-Armenia has implemented a regional project entitled "Increased Resilience of Forest Ecosystems to Climate Changes in the Southern Caucasus Countries by Means of Forest Transformation". The Project is intended to improve resilience of forests to the changing climate (see more details in section FOREST).

As a result of a series of measures, more resilient forests would gain the capacity to withstand on their own such climate fluctuations as droughts, frosts and floods, thus contributing to biodiversity conservation. The realized activities have improved the rates of carbon storage resources and resilience against climate change. Apart from all this, social-economic situation at the communities has been improved by creating new jobs and through other measures.

Moreover, WWF has been leading efforts to improve the rate of awareness about the negative effects of climate change through cooperation with educational institutions, local communities and public organizations. Community population is being informed about the challenges determined by climate change impacts and understands better the importance of its contribution in the mitigation of those impacts.

Furthermore, under any of its current projects WWF takes efforts to equip facilities with solar panels as much as it appears feasible; an example is the building of the breeding center office built for the project on “Resettlement of the Caucasian Red Deer in Armenia”.

© WWF Armenia

Within the frameworks of the "Leopard Conservation in Armenia” Project, a 7.5 KW capacity solar plant was installed on the roof of a secondary school in the settlement of Nrnadzor that falls within the consolidated community of Meghri. During winter months, the plant provides the power needed for heating of that local school in full scope. In the meantime, during summer months the same plant enables the school to store solar energy and to use it later to meet the power supply needs of the school and the community. Installation of the plant was of great importance for the school, as until that teaching process had been interrupted from time to time in winter because of insufficient heating of the school building. The same Project helped to resolve conservation problems and addressed also the social concerns.

In the context of addressing climate change problems, the entire world has been gradually attaching more importance to energy efficiency and introduction of renewable energy resources. As indicated above, these lines are of primary importance also in meeting economy-related and social needs.

It must be commented that energy-saving street lighting systems were installed at 8 communities of Armenia.

Under the project on establishment of the Lake Arpi National Park, the village administration building at the Shaghik community was refurbished and fit out with heat insulation; double-sheeted windows and thermal insulation doors were installed at residential buildings of the community, thresholds of residential houses were repaired and thermally insulated, and a public bathhouse operating with solar heating system was established.

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